Simple Obfuscation with PowerShell using Base64 Encoding

I recently received a question from someone wanting to know how I encoded a string of text on my blog site. Back in January of 2013, I competed in Jeff Hicks PowerShell Challenge that was held by TrainSignal. One of the questions had an encoded command which you were to decode. I figured out that the EncodedCommand parameter of PowerShell.exe could not only be used to run commands that are encoded with Base64, that it could also be used to easily decode a string of text that was encoded with Base64.

powershell.exe /?

encodedcmd1a.jpg

The help for PowerShell.exe also shows you how to encode a command with Base64:

encodedcmd2b.jpg

Encoding something like the domain name for this blog site is easy enough:

[Convert]::ToBase64String([System.Text.Encoding]::Unicode.GetBytes("'mikefrobbins.com'"))

encodedcmd3a.jpg

While it could be decoded within PowerShell:

[System.Text.Encoding]::Unicode.GetString([System.Convert]::FromBase64String('JwBtAGkAawBlAGYAcgBvAGIAYgBpAG4AcwAuAGMAbwBtACcA'))

encodedcmd4a.jpg

Adding quotes around the domain name also allows it to be decoded with PowerShell.exe using the EncodedCommand parameter without having to encode it with a command such as Write-Output:

powershell.exe -encodedCommand JwBtAGkAawBlAGYAcgBvAGIAYgBpAG4AcwAuAGMAbwBtACcA

encodedcmd5a.jpg

The code shown in the previous example specifies the NoProfile parameter but it’s not required.

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